Grape Variety :
Site: at the heart of the Côte de Nuits, one of the gems of Domaine Joseph Drouhin.
History & tradition: "Amoureuses" in French means "lovers". Some people say you fall in love drinking this wine, others claim that the expression "a wine that has love" is used in Burgundy to describe a wine with a magnificent bouquet...Whatever the true meaning, this Premier Cru has always been rated very highly, nearly at the same level as Musigny, its famous Grand Cru neighbour.
Soil: clay and limestone.
Drouhin estate: 0,59 ha. (1.475 acre).
Average age of the vines: 49 years.
Biological cultivation since 1990; biodynamic cultivation a few years later
Vine stocks: "sélection massale" (propagation of new vine stocks from a number of selected vines) done at the Drouhin nursery; also clones of recognized quality.
Soil maintenance: compost of manure and white wood, sometimes guano (seabird manure used as fertilizer). Soil is ploughed either by tractor or by horse to manage spreading of weeds.
Treatment: only authorized products for biological cultivation are used: infusions and macerations of plant materials, sulfur and copper, powdered rock. Natural predators are not eliminated.
Plantation density: from 10,000 to 12,500 stocks/ha in order to extract all possible nuances from the terroir and limit the production of each vine stock.
Yield: we aim to keep our yields low, more in line with the previous regulation: around 20% less than allowed by the current law.
Harvesting: by hand, in small open crates in order to preserve the integrity of the fruit
Sorting of the grapes: in the vineyard and at the cuverie (winery) if necessary.
Joseph Drouhin seeks total control of the process of extraction; extraction gives colour and substance to a wine but should never be detrimental to its finesse and typical character.
"Pigeage" (punching down of the cap during fermentation): once a day until half of fermentation is done; one pumping over (remontage) per day till the end of the fermentation.
Pressing: separation of free run juice from pressed juice.
Type: in barrels (20% in new oak)
Length: 14 to 18 months.
Origin of the wood: French oak forests.
Weathering of the wood: Joseph Drouhin insists on total control of the weathering for a period of 3 years, one of the contributing elements to the elegance of the wine.
Follow-up: barrel by barrel.
Fining (collage, to clarify the wine): light, after careful tasting
Throughout the ageing process, decisions are taken only after careful tasting evaluation, barrel by barrel. The data obtained is then completed through technical analysis. As with every other Joseph Drouhin wine, absolute priority is given to the true expression of terroir and character of the vintage.
Tasting note by Véronique Boss-Drouhin
"One of the most subtle wines in all of Burgundy ! The colour may vary from cherry to ruby. A large palette of seductive aromas which can evolve, one minute to the next, from raspberry to kirsch. Later, the nose may display some truffle, mushroom or woody notes and, in some years, musky, even animal nuances. The aromas are always restrained and elegant. On the palate, a wonderful silky sensation, with very refined tannins. Intensity, velvety texture and lively freshness: this well-named wine is a masterpiece of harmony. The aftertaste is very delicate and leaves an impression of supreme refinement".
Temperature: 16-18°C (61-65°F).
Cellaring: 8 to 40 years.